Choosing a custom rug design according to your room settings and customising it with the required colours was the easy bit. But when it comes to choosing the weave and material type, most people find themselves in a pickle. We at Rug Artisan not only give you the freedom to choose your custom rug design, colours, weave and material type, we also give you a detailed insight on the rug types we do.

Our handmade rugs are classified based on the weaving technique and the yarn used. The weaving techniques used to produce each custom rug speak a lot about it. They help determine the effort and time that has gone into creating it as well as ascertaining the life of the custom rugs. This brief rug buying guide will help you decide which type of handmade rug suits your needs best.

Rug Artisan Rugs


Hand Knotted -  Hand Knotted rugs are known worldwide for their exclusivity and individuality. Originally associated with Persian rugs, they get their intricate look from the thousands of hand-tied knots instrumental in producing them. 


The yarn is stretched over a loom both horizontally and vertically, also termed as warp and weft. The weaver begins weaving at the bottom and works his way towards the top, forming rows of knots underneath to create a pattern on top. The higher the density of the knots the more the complexity of the design that can be produced. A good quality hand knotted rug can last for generations.

Facts Factory

Hand knotted rugs do not use any cloth backing or glue.

Knots can range from 93000 to 232500 per sq meters.

A hand knotted rug can take from 6 weeks up to 20 weeks or more to produce depending on the complexity of the design.

Hand Tufted - The process for creating a luxury designer hand tufted rug requires a different kind of expertise.  It banks on creativity and skill of the weaver in terms of tuft placement and design.

Technique - The tufting technique resembles handcrafted embroidery where in a pattern is traced on to a cloth and the thread work follows. Hand tufted rugs are created by looping the yarn through a sheeted cloth material, stretched on a frame on which the pattern has been printed. The yarn is looped through with the help of a hand operated tool. 

Facts Factory

Typically a bespoke hand tufted rug takes from 4 to 8 weeks to produce depending on the complexity of the design.

Variations in the weave is possible by having a cut pile, loop pile or a combination of both.

The pile height can be varied at the time of tufting.

Flat Weave - Flatweave rugs are also known as Dhurries. These handmade rugs can be produced fairly quickly and are chic and minimalist in their attraction. 

Technique -  Flatweave rugs are commonly made on horizontal looms. These looms lie flat and close to the ground, with two wooden beams tied at both ends and the foundation stretched between these two beams. The weaver ties knots in loops and instead of the yarn being cut after the second loop, the same knot is continued that is the initial thread continues to create more knots, in an interlacing fashion. Outer seams hold the woven structure together with either stitching or a bit of glue.

Facts Factory -

Since there’s no pile, they lay very flat.

Flatweave rugs generally feature symmetrical, geometric designs in a range of colours.

Flatweave rugs are reversible so if they start to fade out just flip them over.



Wool is a naturally occurring fibre and it has a number of benefits over other natural and man-made fibres. Wool is the textile fibre obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, and angora from rabbits. Wool's scaling and crimp make it easier to spin the fleece by helping the individual fibres attach to each other, so they stay together. Itis the most common type of material found in high-end area rugs. Itignites at a higher temperature than cotton and some synthetic fibres. It has a lower rate of flame spread, a lower rate of heat release and a lower heat of combustion. It contributes less to toxic gases and smoke than other flooring products when used in rugs. Wool rugs are specified for high safety environments, such as trains and aircraft. An amazing and ancient material, it retains dye colours well, it’s resilient, and naturally resists damage from water, fire, dust mites, and staining.

Rug Artisan provides you the option to choose between different types of wool for your custom wool rugs.

Indian Wool


Facts Factory

·         Indian wool is devoid of crimp and comes in shades of white from off white to a lustrous white.

·         Its fibres are flexible, resisting and recovering from bending and distortion.

·         The elasticity of the yarn helps improve resilience and volume bulk of the custom wool rugs.

·         The lustre present in Indian wool helps add an aesthetic appeal to the wool rug.

·         Indian wool has temperature regulating qualities, staying warm in winters and cool in summers.

New Zealand Wool


Facts Factory

·         New Zealand wool is whiter with a higher lustre than other wools, which allows more shades of colours to be dyed like clean pastel shades and deeper blacks. It makes lighter shades more achievable in your custom wool rug.

·         New Zealand wool is 100% natural and renewable. Each sheep grows a new fleece every year.

·         It is biodegradable and has essential nutrients beneficial for plant life. It is also completely recyclable.

·         It acts as a natural air filter, trapping dust particles and pollen. These may be removed by vacuuming, thus it is easy to care for.

·         New Zealand wool also acts as a natural air purifier by absorbing certain indoor contaminants.

·         It is fire resistant such that it does not burn till it gets up to 700 degrees Celsius and even then it self-extinguishes once the source of fire is removed.

·         It also absorbs unwanted noise making your living space or office a relaxed, comfortable and a quiet zone.  

·         Apart from the luxurious and soft feel, New Zealand wool is also a temperature regulator, hence your wool rug will be keeping you warm in winters and cool in summers.

·         It is naturally resilient, bouncing back and reducing flattening and wear of your wool rug.

Tibetan Wool


Facts Factory

·         Tibetan wool is considered one of the most beautiful and robust qualities of wool.

·         Tibetan wool retains its natural characteristics since no chemical treatment is used in its sourcing.

·         It is durable and the high fat content makes it dirt resistant as well.

·         It has a natural white colour which can be dyed into a variety of colours.

·         It is extremely dense, soft and strong at the same time.

·         The wool fibres are long and have elasticity in them which helps in retaining their shape and bouncing back and consequently the wool rugs retain their pile height.


Silk is an extremely soft, luxurious fabric that is at once both versatile & durable. Fashioned from natural proteins, silk is inherently strong, and possesses some of the most coveted traits of today’s modern fibres. Typically used in high-quality rugs, silk is often used in combination with other materials such as wool. Added for its shine, even a small amount of silk can change the look of your custom rug.

Pure Silk


Facts Factory

·         Silk can absorb up to a third of its weight in water before it feels wet. Thus it is highly absorbent and dries quickly

·         Silk is breathable. An all-climate fabric, silk is warm and cosy in winter and comfortably cool when temperatures rise. Its natural temperature-regulating properties give silk this paradoxical ability to cool and warm simultaneously

·         Silk has impressive moisture drawing properties, keeping you dry and comfortable in any climate, year-round.

·         Silk rugs naturally repel mould& mildew.

·         Because of its natural protein structure, silk is hypoallergenic, and won’t irritate sensitive skin.

·         Silk is lightweight and soft.

·         Silk has a natural lustre from its smooth threads, giving it a beautiful appearance.

·         Silk doesn’t create static, so it does not cling or crease easily.

·         Silk fibres are naturally elastic, and can stretch up to 20% without breaking.

·         Silk is surprisingly easy to care for and will retain its beauty for years–in fact, that’s why silk is so often used in legacy pieces that are passed down from generation to generation. 

·         In spite of its delicate appearance, silk is relatively robust and smooth surface of silk rugs resists soil and odours well.

·         While silk abrasion resistance is moderate, it is a strong natural fibre and, surprisingly, it easily competes with steel yarn in tensile strength.

·         Silk takes colour well, washes easily, and is easy to work with in spinning and weaving.

·         Silk mixes well with other animal and vegetable fibres.

Bamboo Silk

Facts Factory

·         Bamboo silk is quite similar to silk in terms of look and feel.

·         It is sustainable and cost effective solution for custom rugs.

·         Bamboo silk is made from bamboo cellulose.

·         Bamboo silk rugs can be placed in high traffic area as they are capable of withstanding it and will not wear.

·         It is durable and has antimicrobial and hypoallergenic properties.

·         It is completely natural, biodegradable and is known to be an efficient thermal insulator.

·         It has a natural sheen and softness.

Bamboo silk may be teamed with wool to help it retain its shape and resiliency.